Adoption of ISO9000 and its Relationship with other Factors in Chinas Service Industry The ISO 9000 series of quality management systems standard has been widely applied all over the world since its introduction in 1987. By the end of 2013, ISO 9000 had been adopted by over 1,129,000 facilities in 189 countries. Both academics and practitioners are interested in understanding the relationship between adoption of ISO 9000, and other factors (Christmann & Taylor, 2006; Du, Yin, & Zhang, 2016; Fikru, 2014a, 2014b, 2016; Nakamura, Takahashi, & Vertinsky, 2001; Pekovic, 2010; Wu, Chu, & Liu, 2007). In 2008, the National Bureau of Statistics of China conducted an Economic Census of the service firms. The descriptions of variables, the coding are shown in the table. The data is available in Moodle. Table: Variables, their descriptions and coding NoVariable nameDescription of the variableCoding1YearYear the company certified2004; 2005; 2006; 2007; 20082CertificationCertification dummy0= not certified; 1=certified3Industry2Two digit industry code58= storage and transportation; 60= telecommunication 61=computer service 62=software 74= business services 75= Research and Development 76= specialized technology services 77= technology exchange and promotion5StpyearYear of the founding of the company6IEmployee number7I_yjsNumber of employees with master or doctor8I_benkeNumber of employees with bachelor9I_dzNumber of employees with diploma10I_gaozhongNumber of employees with high school education11I_chuzhongNumber of employees with junior high school or below12RevenueSales of the company13Profit_operationProfit of the company14KsumTotal asset of the company15EquityEquity of the company16KpaidTotal capital17KstateCapital from government18KoverseaCapital from overseas19KotherCapital from other sources20ROSReturn on sales21ROAReturn on assets22FDIpercentPercentage of overseas investment in the total investment23DFIdummyOverseas investment dummy24agefirmAge of the company Required Task You are expected to work in groups and write a research report. When you work on your report, you need to use the dataset, and other sources such as journal articles. If you use website material, please pay attention to the quality of the material (e.g. government website or industry website etc.). There is no word limit for the report. For the number of references, there should be at least ten academic sources (journal articles, or books). It is encouraged to use more relevant, high quality, and up to date sources in the report. Students have a high degree of flexibility in doing the research. The important thing is that the research should be well connected with the literature. The required structure should be as following. Executive Summary: Major findings and major recommendationsIntroduction: Background (of the case); purpose (of this report); two to three research objectives for a study that you would seek to conduct; and format (of this report).Write a short literature review of at least ten academic sources relevant to your topic. Any source including books, journal articles are acceptable, as long as they are relevant. You can also use a particular website for some information. If websites are used they will be in addition of the ten academic sources.Describe the methodology and justify your choice.Analyses and findings: Run some analysis to turn the data into useful information as follows: Descriptive statistics: Sample characteristics will be described with descriptive analysis. This will include at least the following analysis: Frequency, percentage; Measures of central tendency; Measures of dispersion (variance, standard deviation)Inferential statistics: Inferential statistics will be used to analyse relationship between variables. This will include at least the following analysis (Chi-square, Pearsons r, t-test, ANOVA test). Discussion and managerial advises: link your findings to extant literature. Advise the management about the usefulness of the findings.Limitations and directions for future research. Suggestions of how the research can be improved.Include a correctly constructed reference list of all sources used in the project, not just those used in the literature review section. Appendices also should be attached which will include all the analysis and graphs etc. that are not included in the body of the report. References Christmann, P., & Taylor, G. (2006). Firm self-regulation through international certifiable standards: determinants of symbolic versus substantive implementation. Journal of International Business Studies, 37(6), 863-878. Du, Y. Z., Yin, J. L., & Zhang, Y. L. (2016). How innovativeness and institution affect ISO 9000 adoption and its effectiveness: evidence from small and medium enterprises in China. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, 27(11-12), 1315-1331. doi:10.1080/14783363.2015.1075874 Fikru, M. G. (2014a). Firm Level Determinants of International Certification: Evidence from Ethiopia. World Development, 64, 286-297. doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.06.016 Fikru, M. G. (2014b). International certification in developing countries: The role of internal and external institutional pressure. Journal of Environmental Management, 144, 286-296. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.05.030 Fikru, M. G. (2016). Determinants of International Standards in sub-Saharan Africa: The role of institutional pressure from different stakeholders. Ecological Economics, 130, 296-307. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2016.08.007 Nakamura, M., Takahashi, T., & Vertinsky, I. (2001). Why Japanese firms choose to certify: A study of managerial responses to environmental issues. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 42(1), 23-52. doi:10.1006/jeem.2000.1148 Pekovic, S. (2010). The Determinants of ISO 9000 Certification: A Comparison of the Manufacturing and Service Sectors. Journal of Economic Issues (Taylor & Francis Ltd), 44(4), 895-914. doi:10.2753/JEI0021-3624440403 Wu, S. Y., Chu, P. Y., & Liu, T. Y. (2007). Determinants of a firms ISO 14001 certification: An empirical study of Taiwan. Pacific Economic Review, 12(4), 467-487. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0106.2007.00365.x
Adoption of ISO9000 and its Relationship
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