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CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF SWIMMING POOLS All intellectual property rights of this work are owned exclusively by the Universidad Europea de Madrid, SLU. Reproduction, availability to the general public or any other form of exploitation of any and all parts is strictly prohibited. Unauthorized use of this work, as well as any damage caused to the intellectual and industrial property rights of the Universidad Europea de Madrid, SLU, will lead the pursuit of corresponding legal actions and, if applicable, to the responsibilities arising from this activity. CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF SWIMMING POOLS 2 4 5 6 8 9 12 13 14 16 18 20 21 Index Presentation Prior concepts: deck, basin, and pool Pool basin types Pool basin types: multi-purpose basins Pool basin types: instructional, recreational, and childrens basins Pool basin types: diving wells Pool planning and design: specific aspects Specific aspects: auxiliary spaces Specific aspects: the architectural project Specific aspects: other spaces Summary Bibliographic References CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF SWIMMING POOLS Universidad Europea de Madrid. All rights reserved. 3 Presentation The inclusion of an indoor swimming pool in a sports facility with a commercial focus is o en seen by promoters and managers as a necessary evil. Necessary, to complement the facilitys range of o erings with an athletic option in high demand which is attractive to potential customers and can clearly di erentiate it with respect to the competition. Evil, because of the di iculty of trying to make his type of space profitable as an independent business unit in light of its high construction and operation costs, as well as its complicated maintenance. Nonetheless, good planning of the pool and appropriate design can contribute to simplifying its maintenance, reducing start-up and subsequent management costs, increasing its athletic functionality, and, clearly, facilitating its economic viability. Therefore, this lesson will discuss certain specific aspects to be kept in mind when planning and designing facilities that include pools. Likewise, we will analyze the wide range of possibilities that exist in terms of the types of pool basins for the purpose of selecting the most suitable type for each project based on the use or main uses envisioned for the pool. The objectives to be achieved with this resource are: Know the main characteristics of the di erent basin types and the use or main uses for which they are intended. Understand certain specific aspects that a ect the process of planning and design of sports facilities that include pools, as well as their impact on management, use, and maintenance of the facility. CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF SWIMMING POOLS Universidad Europea de Madrid. All rights reserved. 4 Prior concepts: deck, basin, and pool The swimming pool can be defined as a sports facility intended for recreational swimming and/or the practice of di erent aquatic activities which is comprised of one or more basins (indoor or outdoor) and, normally, by auxiliary or complementary spaces (locker rooms, restrooms, first-aid station, water treatment plant, storage areas, etc.). Therefore, the pool is not just the basin or tank that contains the water and where users swim but the entire installation, encompassing this and the auxiliary spaces that complement and make it fully functional. Another term that should be clarified is the deck or surrounding walkway, which refers to the paved surface around the basin(s) and represents a zone for users to walk on and occupy. CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF SWIMMING POOLS Universidad Europea de Madrid. All rights reserved. 5 Pool basin types Pool basins can be grouped according to very diverse criteria. The classification shown below addresses the main functions or uses for which they are intended, with the following distinct types (Mestre and Rodrguez-Romo, 2007). Athletic or conventional basins These conform to the characteristics and dimensions established by the corresponding swimming federation for holding regulated competitions involving all or some o icial aquatic events, with the exception of diving. It is rectangular in shape and must have a minimum depth of 1.8 m. for national and international championships or, in the case of swimming, 1.4 m. for minor competitions held under Royal Spanish Swimming Federation (RFEN.) Rules. As regards its dimensions, the following table (dimensions of athletic or conventional basins) shows the most common ones: Length (m) Width (m) Number of lanes (swimming) Lane width (m) 25.00 12.50 6 2.0 25.00 16.67 8 2.0 50.00 21.00 8 2.5 Evidently, in addition to these size requirements for the basin, the di erent national swimming federations (as well as the International Swimming Federation) also establish an extensive list of minimum conditions to be met by a pool to qualify for competitions under the corresponding regulations. CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF SWIMMING POOLS Universidad Europea de Madrid. All rights reserved. 6 Minimum conditions Among other aspects, these conditions refer to the characteristics of the coping, lane rope floats, starting platforms, indicators and markings, as well as deck width, water temperatures, light intensity inside the facility, etc., for different official aquatic events

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