The highly contagious novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2
The highly contagious novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 also called coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) isa global health emergency of unprecedented proportions. The ongoing loss of life globally as well as the virusability to spread rapidly through communities, has generated a need for significant changes to the foundationsof the well and least developed countries. In the last few months, political leaders globally have been makingnew announcements to respond to COVID-19 impacts, on both people and the economy. These have been crucialsteps to ensure public safety and financial stabilization. As it stands now, nobody knows how long this crisiswill last, but we do know that when it finally recedes our world will look very different. This crisis has not justcreated new disasters, it has exposed the flaws of our existing system. Several leaders have done well includingfew female leaders like Taiwans president, Tsai Ing-wen; New Zealands prime minister, Jacinda Ardern; theGerman chancellor, Angela Merkel; and Denmarks prime minister Mette Frederiksen.In the case of Ghana, the Ghanaian government has so far followed a step-by-step model, including initiatingtravel restrictions outside the country, restrictions on events and on places of social gathering includingchurches, schools, restaurants, theatres and gyms and now currently just lifted a 21-day partial locked down intwo of the most affected regions in Ghana. Inequality in Ghana meant that now, in this time of deep need, werisk sacrificing the health and safety of vulnerable people for whom the social safety net has been weakened.Several proposals, both economic and health related are suggested to assist the entire nation. Health careworkers and security personnel have become heroes. Government has been asked to show leadership intransforming or restoring the economy to one that works toward well-being for all as it takes steps to graduallyrelax the restrictions. It is believed that the brighter side to the crisis is the momentum and opportunity to shiftour systems to prioritize our care and wellbeing in the long run.a. Explain how decisional and informational roles of leaders can influence the effective management ofthe COVID-19 crisis in Ghana. (4 marks)b. In the management of the health crisis, how can technical, human, and conceptual skills be relevant forthe Minister of health to enable him rally around health workers? (4 marks)c. The internal and external environment will cause changes for companies in Ghana (Large, Medium, andsmall-Scale Enterprises) during this crisis. Explain (4 marks)d. Discuss two (2) ways by which transformational leadership style can be relevant to the management ofthe crisis at all levels of management. (4 marks)e. Explain four (4) ways by which scientific management play a role in the management of a modern crisissuch as the COVID-19.